Hot Topics

“Hot topics” cover areas where there is considerable policy attention and where the OECD or World Bank have ongoing / recently completed work. Each hot topic constitutes a mini-site of webpages covering the essential elements of the topic and linking to related resources located elsewhere on the IPP.

Open science

Open science commonly refers to efforts to make the output of publicly funded research more widely accessible in digital format to the scientific community, the business sector, or society more generally.  Open science is the encounter between the age-old tradition of openness in science and the tools of information and communications technologies (ICTs) that have reshaped the scientific enterprise and require a critical look from policy makers seeking to promote... Read more...

Green innovation

Green growth means fostering economic growth and development while ensuring that natural assets continue to provide the resources and environmental services on which our well-being relies. Increasing concern about the future sustainability of economic growth patterns underpin the demand for a greener model of growth. Existing production technology and consumer behaviour can only be expected... Read more...

Inclusive innovation

While the technological frontier is advancing at a fast pace and innovations abound across all fields, a large share of the global population remains excluded from this prosperity.  Notwithstanding progress, more than 40 percent of the world population still lives under US$2 per day, based on purchasing power parity (PPP). Such inequality is gradually... Read more...

Smart specialization

Smart specialization strategies are built on a foundation of existing or future comparative advantages at a regional level which lead to economic growth.  For entrepreneurs or firms, implementation of such a strategy translates into better processes and products, new business models or simply, realizing a more innovative and productive business. Read more...