Universities and public research

Policy Profiles

Public research missions and orientation

Public research plays a key role in innovation systems by providing new knowledge that can enhance the development of new technologies for societal or economic purposes. In this context, universities and Public Research Institutes (PRIs) fill a specific niche in undertaking longer-term basic research that is unlikely to have immediate economic returns. Read more...

Financing public research

Public research plays a key role in innovation systems and decision-making processes. It is the source of new knowledge, especially in areas of public interest, such as basic science or fields related to social and environmental challenges, which businesses are not always well equipped or motivated to invest in. Read more...

Open science

Information and communication technologies (ICTs) - new data storage infrastructure, broadband Internet, high speed computing and analytical software tools - are radically modifying the way science is conducted and the way the results of research are disseminated. Whilst openness has always been one of the accepted norms of scientific practice, a new paradigm of 'Open Science' is emerging. Read more...

Commercialisation of public research

The commercialisation of public research is a major goal of national S&T policies and a key function of universities and PRIs, alongside teaching, education and the dissemination of knowledge. Public research has been the source of many of today’s innovations, sometimes as a by-product of basic research and sometimes without any prospect of a direct business application. Read more...

Patent policies

A patent is a legal title that gives the holder the right to exclude others from using a particular invention. If the invention is successful on the market, the patent holder will profit from its monopoly power. Patents therefore allow inventors to internalise the benefits they generate. Without such a mechanism, inventions could be imitated, which would reduce inventors’ return on their investment. Read more...