Regional Innovation Policy and Multilevel Governance in Developing Countries

Hello everyone and welcome to the discussion forum for "Regional Innovation Policy and Multilevel Governance in Developing Countries”.

Please feel free to use this forum to post questions and continue the discussion after the webinar.

 

Comments

#1

All questions that will be asked during the webinar will be posted in this forum after the learning event.

#2
Desiree van Welsum: What are the marjet failures that justify supporting innovation, especially in lagging regions?
musambya mutambala 2: thank you for the presentation. I would like to ask what would be the  stage to go through in harmonising regional policies given each country has its established policy, strategy and coordination different from other member country in the region. 
CHRISTIAN BUENO: Good morning, most of countries in Latin America have developed their regional innovation agendas following the model of EU through RIS & RIS3, Do you consider that is feasible to apply that methodolgy  in Latam considering the differences with EU? h
Daniel Katukov: Good evening and thank you for interesting presentation. The thing about Russian cluster initiatives is that they are in fact top-down initiatives aimed to support SOEs or firms with close ties to the government. These "anchor firms" (as it's formulated in the official documents) operate in almost totally uncompetitive environment, while the role of SMEs in these cluster project is pretty low. I'd like to ask, how the success of regional innovation policy is correlated with the level of local competition? Daniel Katukov, Institute of Economics, RAS (Russia)
Elizabeth Agitta: Elizabeth Agitta: Thank you for the elaborate presentation; do you have examples of programmes involving youth innnovation  and linking  up to  commercialising involving universities, as a stepping stone to lopen up participation for youth  innovation.
musambya mutambala 2: what to expect from bottom-up approach since you agree with me that innovation is  a new field in most of developing countries?
EDWIN JAVIER RAMIREZ ROLDAN: Good morning. Edwin Ramírez from National Planning Department (Colombia). what mechanisms can be used to reduce the effect of the "politician" cycle in the regions for remaining long-term goals on innovation?
Carlos Hinojosa: Do you have any examples of successful innovation policies that leverage regional AND national resources to support innovation?
Daniel Katukov: I have one more question, if I may. There is a lot of discussion about the term "entrepreneurial discovery". Is there already some contemporary examples (there are a lot of historical ones in the literature on RIS3) of this process? Policy makers are often understand the whole idea, but having a lot of trouble  engaging local stakeholder into this process.
#3

Jose Guimon's reply to Daniel's question:

Entrepreneurial discovery is a key process in the definition of priorities within a smart specialisation strategy. It means that policy makers should involve all types of innovation actors (e.g. businesses, technology and competence centres, universities and public agencies, science and business parks, business angels and venture capitalists, civil society, etc.) in an entrepreneurial process for the design of RIS3 and assess their proposals for future development and investment… this means that the regional government no longer plays a role of omniscient planner but it will assess the potential of the new activities and empower those actors which are most capable of realizing that potential… This helps avoiding the short-comings of purely political interest-driven or consultant-written strategies, because full stakeholder involvement through entrepreneurial discovery process allows to draw operational conclusions out of the results of the SWOT / statistical type of analysis to shape ownership around the strategies and to design the intervention methods according to the needs of innovation actors, in particular of course the enterprises.” (Source: http://s3platform.jrc.ec.europa.eu/entrepreneurial-process-of-discovery)

You can find several contemporary examples in the RIS3 platform of the EU Commission, although some of the examples that are presented as success stories have been in fact examples of big failures so far (such as the electric vehicle plan in the Basque Country). Anyway, see the examples here: http://s3platform.jrc.ec.europa.eu/entrepreneurial-process-of-discovery

Another interesting example not described there is the so-called Aviation Valley in South-Eastern Poland. The aviation sector was already well developed in Poland since the 1930s, mainly linked to the defence sector, but during the last decade it has dramatically expanded, thanks to the discovery of “aviation skills” in the region by global aviation firms. It is an example of how to capitalize in an existing industrial tradition in the aerospace industry, to link with global production networks, and to progressively raise the level of innovativeness. In 2003 the Aviation Valley Association was established by 15 leading aeronautic firms in the region, and the number of firms increased from the original 15 to almost one hundred in 2013. The Aviation Valley operates as a cluster bringing together not only aviation companies but also researchers from technology universities and research centers in the region. Regular meetings and an established platform for information exchanges have deepened links with academia resulting in a number of jointly developed research projects. The Aviation Valley is also part of the EU-wide aviation cluster linking aviation producers across Europe.