• How do global value chains (GVCs), skills, ICT, innovation and industry structure affect employment and routine and non-routine occupations? This paper suggests that comparatively higher skills are associated with higher employment levels in non-routine and low-routine intensive occupations. The results point to the existence of complex interactions between the routine content of occupations, skills, technology, industry structure and trade, which do not allow for a neat identification of "winners" and "losers" in the context of GVCs. A persistent and positive role of skills and innovative output for employment is found across all routine-intensive occupations.

  • This paper analyses the rising productivity gap between the global frontier and other firms and raises key questions about why technologies do not always diffuse to all firms. It argues that well-designed framework policies can aid productivity diffusion by sharpening firms’ incentives for technological adoption and by promoting a market environment that reallocates resources. It also highlights the role of R&D tax incentives, business-university R&D collaboration and patent protection, but trade-offs emerge which can inform the design of innovation-specific policies.

     ‘Frontier firms, technology diffusion and public policy’ is the second in a new OECD Working Paper series on productivity.

  • It is more urgent than ever for policy makers to ensure a level playing field and give more room to young firms to experiment with new technologies and organisational models to foster their growth. By changing policy orientations in favour of innovation and business dynamism, leaders can unleash the dynamic low-carbon future we urgently need.

    This article argues that new innovative firms are needed to help step up the fight against climate change. That means new policies to encourage business dynamism, not least in the energy sector. Low-carbon infrastructure and products may well be developing fast, but as OECD and IEA reports indicate, new breakthroughs are needed to shift the balance away from fossil fuel options.

  • Save the date: September 19-21, 2016
    Please mark your calendars now for the third edition of the OECD Blue Sky Forum on Science, Technology and Innovation indicators. Previously held in Paris (1996) and Ottawa (2006), data producers, expert users and policy makers will come together in the city of Ghent (Belgium) to discuss the next generation of data and indicators required to improve our understanding of science and innovation and inform better policies. Blue Sky will follow the CSTP ministerial mandate to identify key trends, opportunities and priorities and define the long term agenda for OECD work on science and innovation data and indicators over the next decade.

    More information will be released in January with the call for papers and contributions. For more information contact

  • The World's Largest Celebration of Job Creators, Innovators, and Agents of Change

    During Global Entrepreneurship Week, the world's largest celebration of innovators and job creators, the World Bank Group is hosting a series of events to highlight the importance of innovative entrepreneurship for development. The events are open to the public. Come and join us!

  • The internationally recognised methodology for collecting and using R&D statistics, the OECD's Frascati Manual is an essential tool for statisticians and science and innovation policy makers worldwide. It includes definitions of basic concepts, data collection guidelines, and classifications for compiling R&D statistics. This updated edition contains improved guidelines reflecting recent changes in the way R&D takes place and is funded and the wider use of R&D statistics and definitions. It provides new chapters dedicated to the pratical aspects of collecting R&D data in different sectors, as well as new guidance on capturing different aspects of public support for R&D such as tax incentives.

  • According to the new OECD report, countries should step up their investment in long-term R&D to develop frontier technologies that will reshape industry, healthcare and communications and provide urgently needed solutions to global challenges like climate change.A breakdown of patent data in the OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2015 puts the United States, Japan and Korea far in the lead in a new generation of “disruptive” technologies in advanced materials, health, and information and communication technology that have the potential to displace existing processes. Korea, in particular, has made great strides in these fields recently. While Korea’s public R&D spending has quadrupled in real terms since 2000, reaching 1.2% of GDP in 2014, public R&D spending in many advanced economies has stagnated or experienced significant fluctuations, averaging less than 0.7% of GDP in 2014 in the OECD area.

    Click on the link below to access the full report.

  • The OECD Committee for Scientific and Technological Policy is holding its 2015 Ministerial-level meeting in Daejeon, Republic of Korea, on 20-21 October. The meeting, hosted by the Korean government, has the theme of "Creating our Common Future through Science, Technology and Innovation”. Six core topics will be addressed by Ministerial discussions: (1) Making innovation strategies work: improving the design and implementation; (2) Enhancing the impact of public investment in science and innovation; (3) Science policies for the 21st century: Open science and big data; (4) Science and Innovation for health; (5) New technologies for a sustainable future and the green economy; and (6) Science and innovation for global inclusiveness.

  • The OECD has published a revised version of its Innovation Strategy – The Innovation Imperative: Contributing to Productivity, Growth and Well-Being. The report calls on governments to stop policies that unduly favour incumbents, given that young firms are crucial in driving innovation, job creation and growth. With the digital economy and the sharing economy changing the business landscape by allowing new ideas and business models to emerge, it is more urgent than ever to give young firms the means to experiment with new technologies and organisational models. The report also calls on policy makers to think long-term, to provide more grants and fewer tax incentives, and to learn from experience through greater monitoring and evaluation. Furthermore, the report calls attention to the role of skills, an open and competitive business environment, access and participation in the digital economy, and the need for countries to adapt policies to their specific national and sector challenges.

  • The G20 called on the OECD and World Bank to analyse the ways in which SMEs and low-income countries can better integrate into GVCs. The resulting report, presented on 6 October 2015 to G20 Trade Ministers, highlights the importance of ensuring access to ICT networks – in particular broadband – as well as stimulating innovation, in particular by enhancing the ability of SMEs to manage and protect their intellectual assets, to better GVC integration. At the same time, the report underscores the importance of helping small firms scale up quickly and so better integrate in GVCs by lowering barriers to the entry, growth and exit of firms. Countries should also avoid favouring incumbents over new firms.